The Travellers Times’ says ‘know your rights’ as concerns rise about new ‘Traveller children TV show’
The Travellers’ Times has published an advice sheet for Gypsies and Travellers in the wake of concerns about an independent TV company that is recruiting Traveller children, through social media, for a proposed new “observational documentary” TV series for Channel 5.
Knickerbocker Glory, an independent TV company based in London, is using two Facebook groups called “Traveller Children” to recruit contributors for a proposed new TV series for Channel 5.
The TV Company bills the show on its Facebook pages as a “brand new Channel 5 series filming with children in the Travelling community including ENGLISH TRAVELLERS, IRISH TRAVELLERS and ROMANY GYPSIES. We are looking to talk to the parents of children aged 4-16 who would like to find out more.”
As the news spread amongst Gypsy and Traveller social media networks, many people raised their concerns, fearful that the show would produce a similar show to Big Fat Gypsy Weddings – the highly controversial big ratings Channel 4 TV series that broadcast two series and six ‘specials’.
Described as a “mockumentary” by Jake Bowers and other Gypsy and Traveller campaigners, BFGW was the subject of a two year battle to get the TV regulator, Ofcom, to rule in favour of a Traveller Movement complaint which said that the show promoted negative stereotypes and that the show exploited and mocked Gypsy and Traveller children.
The Traveller Movement complaint was pushed through by David Enright, from the law firm and Traveller discrimination specialists Howe & Co. Although the case against Ofcom was eventually lost after a High Court judicial review about Ofcom’s handling of the complaint, David Enright won the Law Society’s Solicitor of the Year award for his work on the successful Traveller Movement complaint to the Advertising Standards Authority which upheld two complaints about the notorious “Bigger, Fatter, Gypsier” billboards used by Channel 4 to advertise the second series of BFGW.
After the successful complaint against the ‘Bigger, Fatter, Gypsier’ billboards, top Channel 4 executives were “grilled” by politicians in Parliament in a Culture, Media and Sport Committee meeting in October 2012.
Shortly afterwards, Ofcom called in all the major broadcasters to a meeting – including Channel 4 and 5 – to remind them of their duty of care towards children who appear on their shows.
At the time, an Ofcom spokesman said: "Protection of the under-18s is of paramount importance to us."
The regulator also said that "Ofcom reminds all broadcasters very strongly that, not only must they have robust procedures in place to ensure their compliance with rules 1.28 and 1.29 of the code, but they must also ensure that those procedures are adhered to at all times."
Section one of the Ofcom broadcasting code states that "due care must be taken over the physical and emotional welfare of people under 18 ... irrespective of any consent given by the participant or by a parent, guardian or other person".
It goes on to state that people under 18 "must not be caused unnecessary distress or anxiety by their involvement in programmes or by the broadcast of those programmes".
Because of the concerns raised by Gypsies and Travellers about the impact of the new show and the potential risks to anyone wishing to take part, The Travellers’ Times has published a fact and advice sheet for potential “factual entertainment” TV contributors. The advice sheet has been written especially for The TT by a TV industry insider who wishes to remain anonymous.
Mike Doherty, Editor of The Travellers Times’, said that The TT “was not about telling Gypsies and Travellers’ what they should and shouldn’t do, but that care needed to be taken.” He added that the advice sheet was “intended to inform, empower and protect” anyone thinking about contributing to any factual entertainment TV show, by giving them the “low-down on the production process for Independent TV companies making these shows.”
He added that The Travellers’ Times had been contacted by Knickerbocker Glory about the show, but that they had not been asked to participate, nor would they do so if asked.
“We would be putting our reputation and standing on the line by contributing to any factual entertainment TV series owned and directed by a commercial TV company, and we would have absolutely no editorial control over the finished product,” he said.
“If it’s good we get our five minutes of fame. If it’s bad, it could destroy us.”
He added that The TT has a different policy on News and Current Affairs TV and always seeks to engage – when appropriate - with TV producers and journalists working in those areas.
A spokesperson from Knickerbocker Glory told The Travellers' Times
“In our series, we’ve chosen to see the world through children’s eyes because we hope they will offer us a unique viewpoint through which we can celebrate Gypsy, Roma and Traveller life while also dealing with some of the serious and sensitive issues facing the community today.
We hope to raise awareness of the issues faced by GRT children and feel that by sharing their stories with us, our contributors can give the settled community a better understanding of their culture which would hopefully lead to greater tolerance and respect.
We take the safeguarding of children very seriously and have detailed protocols in place to ensure their protection, including carrying out Criminal Record Checks on the team and engaging a psychologist for our main contributors.
We are following all OFCOM guidelines including those about working with Under 18s and we are keen to cover issues such as School, Work, Eviction, Discrimination, Sport, The Law, Childcare, Gender Roles, Religion, Health, Family, Image, Site Life, Settled Life and Life On The Road in this observational documentary series.”
The fact and advice sheet is available in our ‘resources’ section and is also published below for ease of reference:
Tips for Broadcast Television Contributors
General advice for individuals and organisations
If you are approached by a television company to take part in filming, whether it is an independent company making a programme or series for a channel, or an in-house production by a broadcaster such as the BBC, ITV or Channel 5, the production might be at various stages of the commissioning process.
Depending on the stage of commissioning, you might be asked to sign a release form. These are standard industry contracts that television companies use to prove to broadcasters that they have your permission to be filmed and broadcast – and ensuring they have these, is a key part of their contract with the channel.
Programmes might be at the following stages of commissioning:
1. In development, filming not for broadcast – generally this means that the production company are working out the feasibility of a series or programme, and are creating a tape to show to a channel or channels to sell their idea. There is likely no working title, very little by way of budget and you may or may not be asked to sign a ‘release form’. Be aware that the footage CANNOT appear on television or be broadcast anywhere, without the company first approaching you for your explicit written consent (which if you’re happy to, you can give retrospectively). You can ask to see this footage once it is edited, and should do so on email, preferably before filming commences. There is NO guarantee that a programme will ever be commissioned, and if it is, there is no guarantee you will be asked to take part.
2. In paid development – this means that there has been a small amount of money put forward by the channel to cover the cost of filming ‘taster’ footage, to look for good stories or characters, or to make a full pilot, which may or may not be intended for broadcast. There may be a working title, and you may be asked to sign a release form. Sometimes footage filmed in paid development is used for broadcast as part of a bigger programme or series – but this can only be used with your explicit consent i.e. you have signed a release form.
3. Commissioned – the programme has been ‘green lit’ by the channel, and filming undertaken (unless explicitly just for casting purposes) is almost certainly shot with the intention to broadcast. There will be a working title, and a release form you will be asked to sign, and as much as anything is ever certain in television, you should assume the programme or series will be going ahead and shown on television – although you may not yet be given a date and time (these tend to be set much further down the line).
What you can expect from or ask of a producer to protect yourself.
Before you agree to any filming, it’s advisable to find out answers to the below - AND ENSURE YOU GET IT ON EMAIL OR IN PRINT FROM A MEMBER OF THE TEAM AT PRODUCER LEVEL OR ABOVE–
- What stage of the commissioning process?
-The working title?
-Which channel the programme is intended for?
-Is there a programme synopsis or brief that can be sent to you? Has this been agreed with the channel?
-The release form – You will be asked to sign a release form at some point. This might be at the start, during or at the end of filming. Release forms tend to be ‘heavy’ in their wording, so don’t panic too much about phrases such as ‘in perpetuity’ … but DO be aware that if the programme is for broadcast, generally it will include a clause allowing the producer to sell the programme around the world and to repeat it on any channel without asking your permission again. Once you have signed this form be aware that in theory you CAN withdraw your consent but you need to have a good reason for doing so, as the producer could in theory sue for breach of contract (in practice this would rarely happen to an individual).
-Costs – be aware that there are myriad rules and laws about who can be paid what and when … check that your travel costs/ other costs/ location fees will be covered – you should never be left out of pocket by filming. If there is to be further payment or fee paid to you in addition to covering costs, and you are an organisation – whether you are a charitable organisation, private enterprise, or huge corporate profit making multinational – is payment something that is likely to cause you problems down the line? (Because it may be interpreted as inappropriate or counter to your organisation’s aims for example?)
-Viewing footage – if you are concerned about misrepresentation, you can request, in most cases, to view edited footage. Be aware that NO production company can offer you editorial control, as this is counter to Ofcom rules. You CAN be offered the opportunity to view for fact checking purposes i.e. to ensure the programme is factually accurate. You may not like what you see, but if it’s truthful, and does not deliberately misrepresent events or characters, then you must simply accept that this is the risk you took in working with a television company. To get the best idea of what the programme(s) will look like, ideally you would view at a late stage of what the producers will call the ‘offline edit’ (i.e. whilst the programme has not yet been given a final polish in high resolution, and is still in the main cutting room – where there is time to make changes if there is a problem! You may not hear the real voiceover, and some of the footage may be a little dark/ bright/ have brief black spots etc.). By the time the programme is in the ‘online’ edit, you will find it very difficult to effect any changes due to time/costs/ technical limitations.
-Scripts and voiceover – sometimes it may be appropriate to ask to see a script to check for factual accuracy – aim to see this before the voiceover is recorded! Again, you cannot expect to have an opinion on language or creative input – you are ONLY looking for factual errors.
-Credits – if you are hoping for a ‘with thanks to’ credit as an organisation in the final credits, be aware that there are strict rules around who can and cannot be credited – especially for the BBC. Don’t be disappointed if you are told ‘no’. Similarly, be aware of on-screen branding and advertising, and that there are strict rules about giving ‘undue prominence’ to brands, either on screen or in voice over. If you’re taking solely part because you want some free advertising for your company, you’re likely to find yourself feeling let down!
-Press and publicity – you may be asked to take part in press and publicity before, during or after filming. You do not have to agree to this – but if you do, ensure that you are doing it in conjunction with either the production company or the channel. If you are approached directly by a journalist, check in with the television company that they know about the article, and that they are happy for you to do it – you’ll be more protected, and they may need to clear use of stills etc. with the channel.
Duty of Care
Producers have a duty of care to their contributors. This means that if there is any risk that making the programme, or the broadcast of the programme may cause you psychological harm or upset, they should seek a professional opinion as to whether you are suitable to take part in filming. This usually involves a ‘psych test’ with a professional psychologist. Your conversation is confidential, except for the things that the psychologist needs to disclose to the producer as to why you are unsuitable – but this should only be general information and not specific details. Taking part in a psych test is standard procedure for some productions, and you should not see it as a sign that producers believe you to be mentally ill – the psych test is done at their expense, and is a sign of a company crossing the I’s and dotting the t’s – and taking care of their contributors!